NameJoseph Mallord William TURNER , Step GGGG Grandfather
Birth23 Apr 1775, 21 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, London
Baptism14 May 1775, St. Paul, Covent Garden, London
Death19 Dec 1851, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea
BurialSt. Paul’s Cathedral, London, England
FatherWilliam Gay TURNER (1738-1829)
MotherMary Mallord MARSHALL (1739-1804)
1Sarah GOOSE , GGGG Grandmother
Birthabt 1766, Spilsby, Lincolnshire
Baptism5 Apr 1766, Baumber, Lincolnshire
Death16 Feb 1861, Pancras, London, England
FatherRobert GOOSE (1742-)
MotherMary ABBOTT (1746->1788)
ChildrenEvelina (1801-1874)
 Georgiana (1811-1843)
Notes for Joseph Mallord William TURNER
Note: My genealogy program uses the term Step GGGG Grandfather. As Turner and Sarah were never married and their situation was not publicly acknowledged, I much prefer to describe the situation as my GGGG Grandmother had a relationship with Turner. Their children Evelina & Georgiana would be half-cousins.

England Select Births and Baptisms
Joseph Mallard William Turner baptism May 14, 1775 at St. Paul, Covent Garden, Westminster, London, father William Turner, mother Mary.

Note the 1851 census 2 Cremorne Road Chelsea South District 1, Chelsea Middlesex, has
Head Sophie C. Booth, widow, age 52, fund holder, born Dover Kent. [Cremorne Road is at the end of Cheyne’s Walk, near the corner with Lots Road. JMW Turner is not listed. The census was taken on May 30.]

Listed in the October to December 1851 death index, Joseph Mallord William Turner, Chelsea district, Greater London, Middlesex, volume 3, page 48.

The date of his birth is suspect as he may have claimed to have the same birthday as St. George and William Shakespeare.

Never married.
Member of the Royal Academy of Arts.
One of Britain’s most well known artists.
Many of his paintings from the “Turner Bequest” are shown in the Tate Gallery in London, where one wing of the museum is dedicated to him.
Was a friend and neighbour of John and Sarah Danby.
His relationship with Sarah Danby was secret and not known until after his death as she was mentioned in his will.

See Turner a book by James Hamilton for more information on JMW Turner. The Danby’s are mentioned in the book on a few pages.

web sites see
Notes for Sarah (Spouse 1)
Baptism information from Selby Whittingham.

IGI Christening Records
Sarah Goose christened April 5, 1766 Baumber, Lincolnshire, father Robert Goose, mother Mary.

My transcription of original document provided by Margaret Hiles
St. Mary, Lambeth, Surrey.
John Danby a bachelor of the parish of Saint Martin in the Fields in the County of Middlesex and
Sarah Goose of this parish spinster
were Married in this Church, by License
the fourth Day of April 1788
By me John Lloyd Curate
In the presence of Roch Jaubert and Henry Weedall

End of transcription

A letter to her was written by John Danby dated June 5, 1789. She was staying with a great uncle George Smith (1711-1806) at Fulbeck, a village between Grantham and Lincoln, where he lived in a “capital mansion house” and is commemorated by a memorial in the church. He owned land there and was perhaps, like a deceased elder brother, a maltster. Taken from “A letter from John Danby Found” by Selby Whittingham.

From the May 25, 1798 edition of the London Times

MRS. DANBY, Widow of Mr. JOHN DANBY, has the honour to return her warmest acknowledgements to her numerous Friends, who kindly patronized the Concert at Willis’s Rooms, on Wednesday 16th inst. for the benefit of her late Husband, who died at the close of the same, and to the Professional Ladies and Gentlemen who liberally contributed their services. At the same time begs leave to solicit their Patronage and Support on a future Occasion, being advised by her most particular Friends to have a CONCERT in the course of the ensuing Winter, for the Benefit of Herself and Three Infants.
No. 46 Upper John Street, Fitzroy Square, May 21, 1798.

In the 1841 census Civil Parish of St. Pancras, Ossulstone Hundred, Middlesex, St. Pancras registration district, sub district Regents Park.
Sarah Danby was living on William Street her age is listed as 70 [remember adult ages were rounded to the nearest 5 years in the 1841 census] as an Independent. She was not born in the county.
Marcella Danby age 45 is listed as a school mistress. She was born in the county.
Also in the same residence are John Bingham age 50 plumber and
Sarah Bingham age 45
as well as Rebecca Ball [or Bill] age 15 female servant.

1851 census entry. William Street, Marylebone, St Pancras Parish. The there is no street number but the next one is 30 and the previous one is 29.
Sarah Danby, head, widow age 85, annuitant, born Lincolnshire Spilsby?.
Daughter Martha [must be Marcella], unmarried, age 54, teacher of Music, born Middlesex, London.
Granddaughter Louisa Symondson age 15, scholar at home, born Middlesex, London.

The 1861 Death Index January to March quarter lists Sarah Danby Pancras District, London, Middlesex volume 1b page 87.

From Weekly return of births and deaths (infectious diseases, weather) in London
Pancras; Somers Town - at 34 George Street, on 16th February, widow of a music composer, aged 100 years, “old age” The registrar writes: _ The deceased was Sarah Danby widow of John Danby, music composer. She was the daughter of a farmer, and was born 1st April 1760 at Caythorpe, Lincolnshire. Her husband died in 1798, aged 41 years. Deceased lived in London for more than 60 years, and ate a beef-steak for dinner and her tea the day before . . .

National Probate Calendar
14 March 1861 Letters of Administration of the Personal estate and effects of Sarah Danby late of 34 George-street Euston-square in the County of Middlesex Widow deceased who died 16 February 1861 at George-street aforesaid were granted at the Principal Registry to Marcella Danby of 34 George-street aforesaid Spinster on of the Children of the said Deceased she having been first sworn. Effects under $200 pounds.

From Dictionary of Artists Models (Editors: Jill Berk Jiminez, Joanna Banham) article by Aimee Marcereau
Born Sarah Goose in London 1760 or 64[other sources say Lincoln]. Her family was probably from Lincolnshire. Brought up in Lambeth; started work as a singer and actress. Married the glee composer and organist John Danby (1757-98), 4 April 1788: four children born. Lived with Danby in Convent Garden; neighbour to the artist J.M.W. Turner 1780’s. Widowed when 2 months pregnant, May 1798. Supported by a widow’s pension from the Royal Society of Musicians. Gave birth to two daughters: Evelina, born 1800 or 1801, and Georgiana, born some time later, both of whom it has been suggested, were fathered by Turner. Started living with Turner about 1809, at his home in Harley Street and later in Queen Anne Street. On Turner’s death in 1851, her inheritance from him turned out to have been revoked in his will, while her niece Hannah Danby, worked as a servant to Turner, received a significant annuity and custodianship of his pictures; Evelina and Georgiana received small bequests from the Turner estate. Died in Euston, London 16 February 1861.
Associated works Turner J.M.W. Turner, Sheet of Erotic Figure Subjects c. 1805, pencil and sepia wash, Tate Gallery (London).

CONNECTION to the artist. J M W Turner

After John Danby’s death Sarah Danby had 2 children by J M W Turner.

It is thought Turner supported Sarah Danby and her children.


Turner took his first mistress in the year 1800. Sarah Danby was recently widowed but she was a fine figure of a woman with a talent towards acting.

In his will J M W Turner left the following, To Hannah Danby his old housekeeper, niece of John Danby, musician, 50 pounds a year for her natural life; to the housekeeper’s aunt, Sarah Danby, 10 pounds a year; and to Evelina and Georgiana Danby, daughters of Sarah Danby, 50 pounds a year each. In a codicil all legacies to his uncle’s nephews and to Georgiana and the other Danby’s was revoked. (From the Life of J M W Turner) [Thus Hannah Danby would a daughter of John Danby’s brother. Could she be the daughter of Charles Danby?]

Other supporting evidence.
That Theresa Danby was the daughter of Sarah Danby (1766? - 1861) and John Danby (1756/7 -1798). The reasons that lead me to suspect this are

1) In the 1851 census Louisa Symondson age 15 is not living with her mother. The only Louisa Symondson of that age in the census is living with her grandmother Sarah Danby in St Pancras. The grandmother is a Danby, which matches with Teresa’s maiden name. The other family member in the house is Martha Danby age 54 teacher of music, born in London, she is unmarried. Teresa Danby was also born in London.
2) In this census this Sarah Danby a widow was 85 and born in Lincolnshire as was the Sarah Danby above. This was the only Sarah Danby of this age listed in the census. The Sarah Danby above was also living in London at the time.
3) The John Danby was a musician he composed music, he was an organist at the Spanish Embassy Chapel and was Roman Catholic.
4) Two descendants of John Danby are Rose Symondson a musician and Reverend Anthony Symondson (Society of Jesus)
5) Sarah Danby had 4 daughters with John Danby and 2 daughters with J.M.W. Turner, the artist.
6) Convincingly Theresa Danby Symondson is named in a lawsuit dealing with J M W Turner’s will. Among the numerous others named were Marcella Danby and Caroline Malissa Nixon. Marcella and Caroline are older daughters of Sarah & John Danby.
Last Modified 27 Jun 2017Created 4 Aug 2017 using Reunion 10 for Macintosh